The Science of Swimming and Aquatic Activities


Ricardo J. Fernandes, Ph.D. (Editor)
University of Porto, Porto Biomechanics Laboratory, Porto, Portugal

Series: Sports and Athletics Preparation, Performance, and Psychology
BISAC: SPO043000

This volume gathers important research from around the globe in the field of swimming and aquatic activities. Readers will be able to better grasp the science behind the sport and related physical activities, with approaches from physiology, biochemistry, immunology, biomechanics, pedagogy, didactics and history. The seventeen chapters focus on energetics and technical evaluation of swimming and starting techniques, but the importance of water adaptation and competence, drowning prevention and lifesaving is also emphasized.

High-intensity interval training, best recovery practices and aquatic therapy program efficacy are also examined. Another chapter makes an unusual comparison between the hydrodynamics of aquatic animals and human swimming, with another chapter overviewing the last five decades of biomechanics and medicine in swimming. This new volume will help close the gap between theory and practice, and will be very useful to swimming and aquatic activities professionals as well as to the public in general who enjoy participating in and watching sports.


Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Water Competency-Based Education: A Key to Promote Motor Development and Optimal Drowning Prevention
(Aldo M. Costa, Nuno D. Garrido, Helena Rocha, Daniel A. Marinho and António J. Silva, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 2. Lessons from the Animal Realm Applicable to Human Swimming
(Anabela Maia, Department of Biological Sciences, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, IL, US)

Chapter 3. Relay Starts in Swimming: A Review of Related Issues
(Armin Kibele and Sebastian Fischer, Institute for Sports and Sport Science, University of Kassel, Kassel, Germany)

Chapter 4. Biochemical Monitoring of Swimming Training: Old and New Concepts
(Athanasios Kabasakalis and Vassilis Mougios, Laboratory of Evaluation of Human Biological Performance, School of Physical Education and Sport Science at Thessaloniki, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece)

Chapter 5. Towards an Understanding of How Torso Shape Influences Human Swimming Performance
(Christopher Papic and Ross Sanders, Exercise and Sport Science, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Chapter 6. 48 Years of Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming: A Personal Perspective
(Daniel J. Daly, Department of Movement Sciences, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium)

Chapter 7. Estimating Oxygen Uptake Based on Postexercise Measurements in Swimming
(Diego Chaverri, Xavier Iglesias, Thorsten Schuller, Uwe Hoffmann and Ferran A. Rodríguez, Barcelona Sport Sciences Research Group, Institut Nacional d’Educació Física de Catalunya, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain, and others)

Chapter 8. The Swimming Start: A Review of the Main Factors Surrounding the Kick Start Technique
(Elaine Tor, Sebastian Fischer and Armin Kibele, Victorian Institute of Sport, Melbourne, Australia, and others)

Chapter 9. Active Recuperation in Swimmers
(Jaime Hinzpeter, Maximiliano Barahona, Diego Cuzmar and Alvaro Zamorano, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Clinical Hospital University of Chile, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile, and others)

Chapter 10. Commentary on the Efficacy of Aquatic Therapy Programs for Rotator Cuff Injury
(Maria C. Graça, Mário Lopes, Renato Andrade, Johan Lambeck, Andrea Ribeiro, Ricardo J. Fernandes and João Paulo Vilas-Boas, School of Health Sciences, University of Aveiro, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 11. Simulated Metabolic Responses during High-Intensity Interval Training Based on a Mathematical Model in Elite Swimmers
(Philippe Hellard, Ferran A. Rodríguez, Carl Dupont, David. B. Pyne, Alois Mader and Sebastian Weber, Research Department, French Swimming Federation, France, and others)

Chapter 12. A Useful Protocol for Low to Severe Swimming Intensities: Physiological and Biomechanical Characterization
(Ricardo J. Fernandes, Karla de Jesus, Diogo Carvalho, Leandro Machado, João Paulo Vilas-Boas and Kelly de Jesus, Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 13. “Look Ma – No Hands!”: An Essay on Confidence and Foundational Skills
(Robert Keig Stallman and Nils Olaf Vikander, Department of Physical Performance, The Norwegian School of Sport Science, Oslo, Norway, and others)

Chapter 14. A Multidisciplinary Approach to Lifesaving Sport
(Stathis Avramidis, Hellenic Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Athens, Greece, and others)

Chapter 15. Water Competence: Developmental-Dynamic Considerations
(Stephen J. Langendorfer, School of Human Movement, Sport, and Leisure Studies, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio, US)

Chapter 16. The Regulation of Immune Response by the Purinergic System in Swimming Exercise
(Vanessa Valéria Miron, Leandro Henrique Manfredi, Naiara Stefanello, Charles Elias Assmann, Andrezza Bond Vieira Furtado and Andréia Machado Cardoso, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Santa Maria Federal University, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 17. Human Activity Analysis on Swimming Based on Machine Learning, Signal Processing and Inertial Measurement Unit
(Yuto Omae and Hirotaka Takahashi, Department of Electrical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tokyo College, Hachioji, Tokyo, Japan, and others)


Keywords: Swimming, aquatic activities, sport, training, teaching

Audience: Sport science related researchers, swimming coaches, physical education teachers, aquatic activities monitors, exercise physiologists, biomechanicists, high school students, life savers, swimming pool managers and swimmers and aquatic activities practitioners.

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