Elementary Particles with Internal Structure in External Fields. Volume I. General Theory


Vasiliy Vasilievich Kisel

Elena Mikhaylovna Ovsiyuk
Mozyr State Pedagogical University, Belarus

Olga Vladimirovna Beko
Institute of Physics National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

Yana Aleksandrovna Voynova
Institute of Physics National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

Vladimir Balan
University Politehnica of Bucharest

Viktor Mikaylovich Red’kov
Institute of Physics, Minsk, Belarus

Series: Computational Mathematics and Analysis
BISAC: SCI040000

The book represents the systematical development of several rarely used or new mathematical techniques to construct new wave equations for elementary particles. On this ground, it develops the quantum mechanics of the particles with additional electromagnetic structures in the presence of external electromagnetic fields, and, concerning the curved space-time background, it details many new solvable problems in the field. Volume I of this book is devoted to studying the mathematical formalism of the generalized theory of relativistic wave equations, which permits the construction of new equations for particles with an intrinsic spectrum of the spin, mass, and a number of additional electromagnetic characteristics, which lead to additional physical effects in the presence of external fields (electromagnetic and gravitational).

The main theoretical tools are: The theory of the Lorentz group; the wave equations and the Gel’fand–Yaglom canonical basis; the Lagrangian formulation of the theory; the minimal polynomials approach; the projective operators technique; and the definiteness of energy and charge. Primary attention is focused on the possibility of constructing different relativistic wave equations for particles with a fixed value of spin and mass, proving that such wave equations describe substantially different objects. These equations possess some intrinsic electromagnetic structures in addition to the electric charge, and this leads to physical effects in the presence of external – electromagnetic and gravitational – fields. Extended models for particles of spins 0, 1/2, 1, 3/2, and 2 are developed.


Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Relativistic Wave Equations Theory, Main Regulations

Chapter 2. Minimal Polynomials and Projective Operators

Chapter 3. Development of the Gel’fand–Yaglom Approach

Chapter 4. Simplest Wave Equations for Particles

Chapter 5. Different Equations for Free Particles, their Equivalence

Chapter 6. Non-equivalence of Equations in Presence of Electromagnetic Fields

Chapter 7. Spin 1/2 Particle with Two Mass States

Chapter 8. Spin 1/2 and Spin 1 Particles with Anomalous Magnetic Moment in Presence
of Gravitational Fields

Chapter 9. Spin 1 and Spin 0 Particles with Polarizability in Gravitational Field

Chapter 10. Spin 3/2 Particle in Riemannan Space-Time

Chapter 11. On Equations for Spin 2 Particle in Presence of Gravitational Fields

Chapter 12. Particle with Spin 2 and Anomalous Magnetic Moment


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